Discovering Professions in Swahili: A Unique Guide To Occupational Terms

October 15, 2023 No Comments
Professions in Swahili

Professions are the backbone of any society, with individuals from diverse backgrounds and skill sets contributing to the functioning of a community. In Swahili, the names of these professions reflect the importance and uniqueness of each occupation. 

Whether you’re interested in exploring careers or simply curious about how various professionals are referred to in Swahili, this guide is your gateway to understanding the fascinating world of occupational terms in this East African language. 

We will look at the Swahili terms for various professions, uncovering their meanings and duties while providing practical examples of their use in sentences. 

Discovering Professions in Swahili

Professions in Swahili: Doctor (Daktari)

Professions in Swahili

Daktari in Swahili refers to a medical professional specializing in diagnosing, treating, and caring for patients’ health. They have extensive medical knowledge and play a vital role in the healthcare system. 

Duties (Kazi)

Daktari’s duties include diagnosing illnesses, prescribing medications, performing medical procedures, and providing patients with medical advice and care. They also stay updated with medical advancements and participate in ongoing medical research and education to improve patient care.

Example in a sentence

“Daktari alimfanyia mgonjwa upasuaji wa moyo na kutoa maelekezo kuhusu lishe bora na mazoezi ya kimwili.” 

(The doctor performed heart surgery on the patient and gave guidance on a healthy diet and physical exercise.)

Professions in Swahili: Engineer (Mhandisi)

Mhandisi in Swahili refers to a professional specializing in designing, constructing, and maintaining various structures and systems. They apply scientific and mathematical principles to develop practical solutions. 


An engineer’s duties involve:

  • Designing and planning projects.
  • Overseeing construction or production.
  • Conducting tests and analysis.
  • Ensuring projects meet safety and quality standards.

They also participate in research and development to advance technology and innovation.

Example in a sentence 

“Mhandisi wa umeme alisimamia ujenzi wa mfumo wa umeme wa kisasa katika jengo hilo.” 

(The electrical engineer supervised the construction of a state-of-the-art electrical system in the building.)

Electrician (Fundi Wa Umeme)

Fundi wa Umeme in Swahili refers to a skilled technician who specializes in electrical systems. They install, repair, and maintain electrical wiring and components.


An electrician’s duties include installing electrical systems, repairing faults, conducting electrical tests, and ensuring electrical safety. They may also read blueprints, follow electrical codes, and provide advice on energy efficiency.

Example in a sentence 

“Fundi wa umeme alisuluhisha tatizo la umeme lililokuwa likisumbua kwenye kiwanda.” 

(The electrician fixed the electrical issue causing disruptions in the factory.)

Professions in Swahili: Accountant (Mhasibu)

Mhasibu in Swahili refers to a financial professional who manages financial records, prepares financial statements, and ensures financial compliance. 


An accountant’s duties include maintaining financial records, preparing financial reports, auditing accounts, and providing financial advice to clients or organizations. They also ensure tax compliance and adherence to financial regulations.

Example in a sentence 

“Mhasibu wa kampuni alikagua hesabu za mwaka na kutoa ripoti ya kifedha kwa wawekezaji.” (The company’s accountant audited the year-end accounts and provided a financial report to the investors.)

Secretary (Karani)

Karani in Swahili refers to an administrative professional who assists in office management, record-keeping, and communication within an organization. 


A secretary’s duties include managing appointments, organizing meetings, handling correspondence, maintaining files, and providing administrative support to superiors. They play a crucial role in ensuring office operations run smoothly.

Example in a sentence

“Karani wa kampuni alipanga mikutano na kusimamia utunzaji wa nyaraka za ofisi.” (The company’s secretary scheduled meetings and oversaw office document management.)

Pharmacist (Mfamasia)

Mfamasia in Swahili refers to a healthcare professional specializing in dispensing medications, providing drug information, and ensuring patient safety. They educate patients about proper medication usage and potential side effects, contributing to individuals’ overall health and well-being.


Pharmacists are responsible for dispensing prescription medications, advising patients and healthcare professionals on the selection and use of medications, and monitoring the health and progress of patients to ensure the safe and effective use of drugs. They also collaborate with other healthcare professionals to optimize patient care.

Example in a sentence

“Mfamasia alipendekeza dawa sahihi kwa mgonjwa kulingana na maagizo ya daktari.” 

(The pharmacist recommended the appropriate medication for the patient based on the doctor’s prescription.)

Professions in Swahili: Soldier (Mwanajeshi)

Mwanajeshi in Swahili refers to an individual who is professionally trained and serves in the armed forces. Their primary duty is to defend their nation and protect its citizens from external threats. Wanajeshi are often highly disciplined and are ready to respond to various military challenges and missions.


Mwanajeshi’s duties include:

  • Safeguarding their country’s borders.
  • Maintaining peace during conflict.
  • Participating in peacekeeping missions.
  • Ensuring national security.

They are responsible for following orders, training, and working as a team to accomplish their objectives.

Example in a sentence

“Mwanajeshi huyo aliheshimu amri za mkuu wake na kwa ujasiri alilinda mpaka wa taifa.” 

(The soldier obeyed the orders of their commander and bravely guarded the nation’s border.)

Journalist (Mwanahabari)

Professions in Swahili

Mwanahabari in Swahili refers to a professional who collects, analyzes, and reports news and information to the public. They are crucial in informing the public and holding those in power accountable.


Journalist’s duties include conducting interviews, researching, writing articles, and presenting news through various media channels. They adhere to journalistic ethics, verify information, and provide unbiased and accurate news to the audience.

Example in a sentence

“Mwanahabari huyo alifanya mahojiano na viongozi wa serikali kuhusu sera mpya za elimu.” 

(The journalist conducted interviews with government officials about new education policies.)

Professions in Swahili: Pilot (Rubani)

Rubani in Swahili refers to a person trained to operate aircraft, such as airplanes or helicopters. They are responsible for flying and navigating these vehicles.


Rubani’s duties include:

  • Pre-flight checks.
  • Operating aircraft during flights.
  • Navigating.
  • Communicating with air traffic control.
  • Ensuring the safety of passengers and cargo.

They must also handle emergencies and make decisions to ensure a safe journey.

Example in a sentence

“Rubani alitumia ujuzi wake wa urubani kuongoza ndege hadi kwenye uwanja wa ndege.” 

(The pilot used their piloting skills to guide the plane to the airport.)

Lawyer (Wakili)

Wakili refers to a legal professional who provides legal advice, represents clients in legal matters, and upholds the law in courts. They play a vital role in the justice system.


Wakili’s duties include:

  • Advising clients on legal matters.
  • Researching case laws.
  • Preparing legal documents.
  • Representing clients in court.
  • Negotiating settlements.

They must uphold ethical and legal standards while advocating for their clients.

Example in a sentence

 “Wakili huyo alitetea mteja wake kwa ustadi mkubwa katika kesi hiyo ya kisheria.” (The lawyer skillfully defended their client in that legal case.)

Nurse (Mwuguzi)

Mwuguzi in Swahili refers to a healthcare professional responsible for providing medical care and patient support. They work closely with doctors and are often involved in direct patient care.


Mwuguzi’s duties include monitoring patients, administering medications, assisting in medical procedures, maintaining patient records, and offering emotional support. They play a crucial role in patient well-being and recovery.

Example in a sentence

“Mwuguzi alimpa mgonjwa dawa kwa wakati na kumfariji wakati wa kipindi chake cha uponyaji.”

(The nurse promptly administered medication to the patient and comforted them during their healing process.)

Veterinarian (Daktari wa Mifugo)

Daktari wa Mifugo in Swahili refers to a healthcare professional specializing in diagnosing and treating animals illnesses and injuries. They ensure the well-being of animals and promote animal health.


Daktari wa Mifugo’s duties include diagnosing animal health issues, performing surgeries, administering vaccinations, and providing preventive care. They may work in clinics, farms, or wildlife conservation areas, safeguarding the health of animals.

Example in a sentence

“Daktari wa Mifugo alifanya upasuaji wa mnyama huyo na kumrejesha katika hali nzuri ya kiafya.” 

(The veterinarian performed surgery on the animal and restored it to good health.)

Judge (Jaji)

Jaji refers to a legal professional who presides over court proceedings, interprets the law, and delivers judgments. They play a vital role in the justice system and ensure fair trials.


A judge’s (jaji) duties include hearing cases, evaluating evidence, interpreting and applying the law, and making legal decisions. They ensure that trials are conducted fairly and that justice is served according to the law.

Example in a sentence

 “Jaji alitoa hukumu kali kwa mshtakiwa aliyeonekana kuwa na hatia ya uhalifu huo.” 

(The judge harshly judged the defendant found guilty of the crime.)

Driver (Dereva)

Professions in Swahili

Dereva in Swahili refers to an individual who operates a vehicle, such as a car, truck, or bus. They are responsible for transporting passengers or goods from one place to another.


Dereva’s duties include:

  • Driving safely, following traffic regulations.
  • Maintaining the vehicle.
  • Ensuring the comfort and safety of passengers or the secure transportation of goods.

Example in a sentence

“Dereva alisafirisha abiria kwa usalama na kufika kwenye marudio yao kwa wakati.” 

(The driver safely transported passengers and arrived at their destination on time.)

Artist (Msani)

Msani in Swahili refers to a creative individual who expresses themselves through various art forms, such as painting, sculpture, music, or dance. They use their talents to convey emotions, ideas, or stories.


Msani’s duties include creating artwork, composing music, choreographing dances, or engaging in other artistic endeavors. Their creative expressions aim to inspire, entertain, and provoke thought.

Example in a sentence

“Msani huyo alitumia michoro yake kuelezea hisia za amani na upendo.” 

(The artist used their paintings to convey peace and love.)

Professions in Swahili: Farmer (Mkulima)

Mkulima/farmer is involved in agriculture, cultivating crops, and raising livestock. They play a vital role in food production and sustaining communities by producing various crops and livestock products.


The duties of a mkulima include preparing the land for planting, sowing seeds, tending to crops, caring for livestock, and harvesting crops. They also manage farm equipment, monitor the health of plants and animals, and make decisions on crop rotation and pest control to ensure a successful harvest.

Example in a sentence

“Mkulima alilima shamba la mahindi na kuvuna mavuno mazuri baada ya msimu wa mvua.” 

(The farmer cultivated a cornfield and harvested a bountiful crop after the rainy season.)

Fisherman (Mvuvi)

Mvuvi in Swahili refers to an individual fishing for subsistence or commercial purposes. They catch fish and other aquatic life from rivers, lakes, or oceans.


The duties of a mauve include operating fishing equipment like nets or lines, finding fishing grounds, catching fish, and sorting and preserving the catch. They must also adhere to fishing regulations and sustainable practices to protect aquatic ecosystems.

Example in a sentence

“Mvuvi alipata samaki wa kipekee katika mto huo na kuuza soko la ndani.” 

(The fisherman caught unique fish in the river and sold them in the local market.)

Professions in Swahili: Barber (Kinyozi)

Professions in Swahili

Kinyozi in Swahili refers to a professional specializing in hair cutting, styling, and grooming. They work in barbershops or salons and provide haircare services to clients.


The duties of a kinyozi include:

  • Cutting and styling hair.
  • Shaving or grooming facial hair.
  • Providing advice on hair and skin care.

They create various hairstyles, sanitize equipment, and ensure clients leave looking and feeling their best.

Example in a sentence

“Kinyozi alimnyoa mteja wake kwa ustadi, akimpa mtindo mpya wa nywele.” 

(The barber skillfully shaved his customer, giving him a new hairstyle.)


In conclusion, we’ve explored the meanings, duties, and examples of various occupations integral to society’s fabric. This guide serves as a linguistic exploration and provides insights into individuals’ diverse roles in the Swahili-speaking world. 

Understanding the terms for these professions in Swahili enriches our vocabulary and deepens our appreciation for the culture and society where these words come to life. 

It highlights these professionals’ essential roles, from nurturing the land as farmers to ensuring justice as judges. The language reflects the significance of these occupations, emphasizing their contributions to the community’s well-being.


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I'm an elementary school teacher who loves what she does! I enjoy creating resources in my Native language "kiswahili". My goal is to spread the beautiful language of "Kiswahili" inside and outside the classroom. Thanks for stopping by! Read More

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