School Subjects in Swahili: An Extra Special List for Students

October 28, 2023 No Comments
School Subjects in Swahili

Education is the gateway to knowledge and understanding, and one of the core elements of education is the wide array of school subjects. In this blog, we embark on a journey to explore the different school subjects, with a particular focus on Swahili, one of Africa’s most widely spoken languages. This blog will be your guide to the subjects students encounter in their educational pursuits.

Different School Subjects in Swahili

School Subjects in Swahili: English (Kiingereza)

English is a West Germanic language originating in early medieval England, and it has since become a global lingua franca. Its complex grammar and extensive vocabulary characterize it, and it serves as a primary means of communication in various aspects of life, including business, science, technology, and literature. English education in schools encompasses the development of reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills. Students learn to analyze and create written and spoken content, expanding their comprehension of literary texts and improving their communication abilities in this international language.

Example in a sentence

“Mimi ninapenda kusoma vitabu vya Kiingereza kila siku.” 

“I love reading English books every day.”

Mathematics (Hisabati)

Mathematics, referred to as “Hisabati” in Swahili, is a discipline that deals with numbers, quantities, patterns, structures, and relationships. It includes various branches such as arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, and statistics. Mathematics plays a pivotal role in solving real-world problems, from budgeting and engineering to deciphering scientific phenomena. In schools, students acquire knowledge and skills related to mathematical concepts, operations, and problem-solving techniques, fostering logical thinking, analytical abilities, and quantitative reasoning.

Example in a sentence

“Hisabati ni muhimu katika kutatua matatizo ya kila siku kama vile kutengeneza bajeti ya familia.”

“Mathematics is essential in solving everyday problems like creating a family budget.”

School Subjects in Swahili: Biology (Bayolojia)

Biology, known as “Bayolojia” in Swahili, is the scientific study of living organisms, encompassing their structure, function, growth, evolution, and environmental interactions. It comprises subfields like genetics, ecology, physiology, and microbiology. In schools, students delve into the intricacies of life, exploring the diversity of organisms, their behavior, and their roles in ecosystems, which contributes to a broader understanding of the natural world.

Example in a sentence

“Bayolojia inahusisha utafiti wa mimea, wanyama, na hata vijidudu vidogo ambavyo vinaweza kujificha kwenye maji.”

“Biology involves the study of plants, animals, and even tiny microorganisms that can hide in water.”

Physics (Fizikia)

Physics, or “Fizikia” in Swahili, is the fundamental science that investigates the principles governing the physical world, including the properties of matter, energy, motion, and the forces that shape the universe. It encompasses the study of phenomena at varying scales, from the subatomic to the cosmic. In schools, students learn the laws and theories of physics, enabling them to comprehend natural phenomena, develop new technologies, and gain insights into the structure and behavior of the universe.

Example in a sentence

“Masomo ya fizikia yanaweza kueleza jinsi umeme unavyofanya kazi na jinsi tunavyoweza kutumia nguvu za jua kuzalisha umeme.” 

“Physics lessons can explain how electricity works and how we can harness solar power to generate electricity.”

School Subjects in Swahili: Botany (Botania)

Botany, or “Botania” in Swahili, is a subfield of biology focused on the study of plants, including their structure, growth, reproduction, and classification. It delves into plant life at various scales, from the smallest algae to the largest trees. In school, students gain knowledge about plant diversity, their ecological significance, and their role in providing oxygen, food, and habitats for various organisms, thereby fostering an appreciation for the plant kingdom.

Example in a sentence

“Katika masomo ya botania, tunajifunza kuhusu mmea wa mto, mimea inayopatikana katika maji ya matope.” 

“In botany studies, we learn about aquatic plants, plants found in muddy waters.”

Zoology (Zoolojia)

Zoology, known as “Zoolojia” in Swahili, is the branch of biology that specializes in the study of animals, encompassing their behavior, physiology, classification, and evolution. It covers many species, from microscopic organisms to complex mammals. In school, students explore the animal kingdom, gaining knowledge about various species and their ecological roles, helping to unravel the mysteries of animal behavior and their contributions to ecosystems.

Example in a sentence

“Zoolojia inahusika na utafiti wa wanyama wa porini na jinsi wanavyoshirikiana katika mazingira yao asilia.” 

“Zoology deals with the study of wildlife and how they interact in their natural habitats.”

School Subjects in Swahili: Chemistry (Kemia)

Chemistry, or “Kemia” in Swahili, is the branch of science that deals with the composition, structure, properties, and transformations of matter. It explores the fundamental building blocks of the universe and the interactions between different substances. Chemistry is crucial in understanding various processes, from the reactions that occur in a chemical laboratory to those within our own bodies. In school, students study chemical elements, compounds, and the principles that govern chemical reactions, fostering an understanding of the world at the molecular level.

Example in a sentence

“Kemia inahusisha utafiti wa tabia za vitu na jinsi zinavyobadilika wakati wa majibu ya kikemia.” 

“Chemistry involves the study of the properties of substances and how they change during chemical reactions.”

Science (Sayansi)

Science, known as “Sayansi” in Swahili, is a systematic and methodical approach to understanding the natural world through observation, experimentation, and evidence-based reasoning. It encompasses various fields, including physics, chemistry, biology, and earth sciences. In schools, the study of science introduces students to the scientific method and encourages critical thinking, problem-solving, and the pursuit of knowledge based on empirical evidence.

Example in a sentence

“Sayansi inatusaidia kuelewa ulimwengu unaotuzunguka na kuchunguza maswali kuhusu maumbile na sayari yetu.” 

“Science helps us understand the world around us and investigate questions about nature and our planet.”

School Subjects in Swahili: Social Science (Sayansi ya Jamii)

Social science, referred to as “Sayansi ya Jamii” in Swahili, is a multidisciplinary field that explores human behavior, societies, and their interactions. It includes disciplines such as sociology, psychology, anthropology, and economics. In school, students learn to analyze and understand social dynamics, cultural differences, and the factors that shape human societies, contributing to a broader comprehension of the social world.

Example in a sentence

“Masomo ya sayansi ya jamii huchunguza mifumo ya kijamii na jinsi watu wanavyoathiriana katika jamii zao.”

“Social science studies examine social systems and how people interact within their societies.”

History (Historia)

History, or “Historia” in Swahili, is the study of past events, people, and societies, focusing on the recording and analysis of human experiences over time. It offers insights into the development of civilizations, cultures, and the lessons that can be learned from the past. In school, students explore historical events, figures, and their impacts, fostering an understanding of how the past shapes the present.

Example in a sentence

“Kujifunza historia inaweza kutusaidia kuelewa chanzo cha matukio ya kisiasa na kijamii katika ulimwengu wetu.”

“Studying history can help us understand the origins of political and social events in our world.”

School Subjects in Swahili: Geography (Jiografia)

Geography, or “Jiografia” in Swahili, is the study of the Earth’s physical features, climate, and human populations. It examines the relationship between people and their environment, addressing issues like landforms, weather patterns, and cultural diversity. In school, students explore the world’s geography, learning about various regions, their characteristics, and the interconnectedness of the global community.

Example in a sentence

“Jiografia inachunguza jinsi mazingira na hali ya hewa zinavyoathiri maisha ya watu na matukio ya kijamii katika sehemu tofauti za dunia.”

“Geography examines how the environment and climate affect people’s lives and social events in different parts of the world.”

Art (Sanaa)

Art, or “Sanaa” in Swahili, encompasses various creative expressions, including visual arts, music, literature, and performing arts. It is a means of communication and self-expression, often conveying emotions, ideas, and cultural aspects. In school, students explore artistic techniques and forms, developing their creativity and appreciation for artistic endeavors.

Example in a sentence

“Sanaa inaweza kutafsiri hisia na mawazo ambayo mara nyingine maneno pekee hayawezi kueleza.”

“Art can translate emotions and thoughts that sometimes words alone cannot convey.”

School Subjects in Swahili: Politics (Siasa)

Politics, or “Siasa” in Swahili, studies governance, power, and the decision-making processes in societies. It examines the structures of government, political ideologies, and the roles of citizens in shaping public policies. In school, students learn about political systems, the principles of democracy, and the impact of political decisions on communities and nations.

Example in a sentence

“Siasa inahusika na jinsi serikali inavyoongozwa na jinsi raia wanavyoshiriki katika kufanya maamuzi muhimu.”

“Politics deals with how governments are led and how citizens make crucial decisions.”

School Subjects in Swahili: Music (Muziki)

“Muziki”is creating and organizing sounds into a harmonious and expressive form. It is a universal language that transcends cultural boundaries, emotions, and human experiences. In school, students explore musical theory, composition, and performance, nurturing their creativity and understanding of the diverse world of music.

Example in a sentence

“Muziki unaweza kuwa na nguvu ya kugusa hisia na kuleta watu pamoja kupitia sauti na vyombo vya muziki.”

“Music can have the power to evoke emotions and bring people together through sound and musical instruments.”

Economics (Uchumi)

Economics, known as “Uchumi” in Swahili, studies how societies allocate resources to meet their needs and desires. It explores concepts such as supply and demand, production, consumption, and the distribution of wealth. In school, students gain insights into economic principles, financial literacy, and the factors influencing economic decisions at personal, local, and global levels.

Example in a sentence

“Masomo ya uchumi yanatusaidia kuelewa jinsi watu na makampuni wanavyofanya maamuzi ya kiuchumi kulingana na rasilimali zilizopo.”

“Economics studies help us understand how individuals and companies make economic decisions based on available resources.”


We’ve explored the educational landscape and linguistic diversity that defines the learning experiences of millions. From mathematics to history, science to art, and everything in between, we’ve unveiled the world of subjects that shape young minds.

This comprehensive list not only aids students in understanding their curriculum but also showcases the significance of Swahili as a medium of education in East and Central Africa. Education knows no borders, and language is the key to unlocking its treasures. 

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I'm an elementary school teacher who loves what she does! I enjoy creating resources in my Native language "kiswahili". My goal is to spread the beautiful language of "Kiswahili" inside and outside the classroom. Thanks for stopping by! Read More

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